A very handsome woman is dressed in an exceptional costume and is reclining among beautiful robes. She could be royalty, perhaps a queen or a princess, but the bookends do not hint at her status or origins. We will call her Exotic Woman.
Tag Archives: American
Cowboys riding bucking broncos are not unusual subjects for bookends. Western themes were popular in home decor in the 1930s and 1940s. Driven by the popularity of western movies everything from dinner sets to lamps for children’s bedrooms featured cowboys and bucking broncos. These bookends are notable because they are marked Ronson 1942, and they are the last bookends Ronson produced, as far as we know.
The Philadelphia Manufacturing Company (PMC) issued reproductions of these bookends so collectors must look for the entire inscription on the base.
Cupid (Eros) is the ancient Roman (Greek) God of desire, erotic love, attraction, and affection. He was the son of Venus, Goddess of Love, and either Mars, Mercury or Vulcan. He is winged because lovers are flighty and liable to change their minds. He is a famous archer whose golden arrows cause uncontrollable desire, and whose leaden arrows quench desire and promote aversion. Cupid appears in literature, theater, and art many times over centuries. In paintings and sculpture he appears as a slender beautiful youth and as chubby toddler. The chubby toddler is a popular Valentine’s Day subject. Our Cupid, from the early 1900s, is a lovely depiction of a youth with his quiver of arrows, but no bow. He is standing over a a formal flower bouquet that includes roses, a flower that features in classical tales about Cupid.
There is an abundance of bookends commemorating the historic 1927 flight of Charles LIndbergh across the Atlantic from Roosevelt Field, Mineola, NY to LeBourget Airport, France. Lindbergh is captured in profile, in bust, in flying outfit, in front of the plane,…………..
This bookend, showing the Spirit of Saint Louis, reminds us that the historic significance of the flight was about more than just Lindbergh. It was about a PRIZE and $$$, it was about GLORY, it was about ENGINEERING, and INGENUITY, and IMAGINATION, and it was about CELEBRITY and REPUTATION. And it was a competitive race to be FIRST!
The Orteig Prize of $25,000 was originally offered in 1919 for the first non-stop flight from New York City to Paris, or the reverse, by an Allied Aviator. Offered for 5 years there were no competitors. It was re-offered in June 1925, and since aviation had made significant advances, a competitive field showed up. Six aviators died in their attempts and others were hurt. In 1927 there were several groups prepping for attempts at the prize, including one headed by polar explorer Richard E. Byrd. April and May of 1927 found everyone gathering at Roosevelt Field and Curtis Field testing their planes and waiting for the right conditions for the flight.
An Airmail pilot, Charles Lindbergh, managed to convince 9 Saint Louis, Missouri businessmen to back him; and a small aeronautical firm in San Diego to deliver a plane, to his specifications, in sixty days. He was convinced that a single-engine monoplane using a whirlwind engine could take him to Paris. The “Ryan NYP” (for New York to Paris) was built. On May 10 -12 he flew it to Curtiss Field on Long Island, NY, setting a new North American transcontinental speed record, stopping in St. Louis on the way. Byrd offered Lindbergh the use of the longer Roosevelt Field runway. Lindbergh takes off on May 20 and thirty-three and half hours later captures the Orteig Prize by landing in Paris on May 21.
The plane designed by Donald A Hall and built in San Diego which carried Lindbergh to success now rests in the Smithsonian, while a reproduction built in 1978-79, the Spirit of Saint Louis 3, resides in the rotunda of the San Diego Air and Space Museum in Balboa Park. Spirit 3 was last flown on the 75th anniversary of the 1927 flight.
Feminism was very topical in the nineteen twenties. Young ladies wanted the free and easy lifestyle of men, including smoking, gambling, drinking and sexual contacts. In order to look more like men they deemphasized breasts and cut their hair short. Today we remember these young ladies as flappers: The origin of the term is uncertain, however, click here for a Geneva (New York) Historical Society blog post from 2013 with a pretty thorough summary of the etymology.
Issued in the nineteen twenties, these bookend nudes show us the short feminist haircut of the era, called “the bob,” so we know she was a flapper.
Queen Victoria ruled Great Britain from 1837 to 1901. England was arguably the most successful country in the western world during her reign, and Americans adopted many of England’s values for their own. We know these values today as Victorian. They were prominent here during Victoria’s reign and gradually faded as the twentieth century progressed.
Many Americans still admire Victorian fashions today and incorporate them into their house decor. We can learn some of these English fashions from American bookends produced early in the twentieth century. Foundries in the United States produced Victorian subjects on bookends for display in fashionable American homes.
The bookends entitled The Altar of Love are completely devoted to illustrating Victorian values. The title alone illustrates English devotion to the romantic and sentimental ideal of enduring marriage as exemplified by the Royal marriage of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. We see the married couple embracing. Their child, symbolizing reverence for children, is at their feet. A putto, popular in Victorian England, is blowing a trumpet to them. Putti are ambiguous in their usage, but here probably represent peace and prosperity. In keeping with the Victorian penchant for Greek and Roman revival, the sacred flame of Vesta, the goddess of the hearth, is shown, and it will support the stability of the marriage. The family dog is not forgotten, reminding us of the Victorian attachment to animals.
Children were idolized in Victorian England and they appear frequently on American bookends from this period. This pair features a charming nude little boy who would appeal to every Victorian. There is a giant snail at his feet, which matches the Victorian fascination with rare, bizarre creatures.
The story of Dante and Beatrice was very popular during the Victorian era. Dante Alighieri’s 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy was widely read during Victorian times. Dante loved Beatrice all of his life although he never had a physical relationship with her. This was “pure love” for Victorians and superior to love with physical aspects. At least it was superior for the English Bourgeoisie and this seems allied to their prudish behavior. We do not know if the Aristocrats were concerned with pure love or with prudish behavior. For example, adultery and mistresses were commonplace for them. American Victorians were noted to be prudes. In any event, Dante or Dante and Beatrice bookends were very fashionable here in the United States. They were issued in a variety of poses by several different foundries, and we frequently find them today. We recounted the Dante and Beatrice story in both Bookend Revue and Bookends: Objects of Art and Fashion. Here is a link to an updated version of the story on a blog devoted to Dan Brown’s novel, INFERNO.
Spinning Wheel Bookends: grey metal with faux ivory (celluloid) face and hands, bakelite base. Height 6.5 inches. Marked J. Ruhl (sculptor John Ruhl, 1873-1940 ). Attributed to Hirsch foundry. circa 1930. The drive wheel spins at a touch.
In Colonial times, women spun fibers into yarn on spinning wheels and produced home-made clothing. As the colonies grew, production of wool and wool products allowed for export of these commodities to Britain and other nations. In 1699 the British forbid their colonies to export wool products in order to protect their textile industry. The effect of this WOOL ACT of 1699 was to force all commercially produced wool and wool products to be sold to England after which it was resold back to the colonies. Colonial people then persevered in spinning yarn and producing cloth in order to protest against the Wool Tariffs imposed by Britain.
The spinning wheel became an important, widespread symbol of resistance to British rule in the run-up to the American Revolution. At that time, to quote from Laurel Thatcher Ulrich’s The Age of Homespun (Vintage, 2001), “Only six newspaper stories explicitly described the spinners as ‘Daughters of Liberty.’ ‘Young women’ was the usual designation, though terms like ‘Daughters of Industry,’ ‘the fair sex,’ and even ‘noble-hearted Nymphs’ also appeared. Reports from Roxbury and Chebacco alluded to public events, referring to the ‘intolerable Burdens now Laid upon us’ and to the necessity of recovering ‘our rights, properties and privileges,’ but the story from Harpswell cautioned that ‘the Ladies are impressed with such a nice Sense of their Liberties derived from their Maker, as not to be very fond of the tyrannic Restraints or the scheming Partisans of any Party…’”
The art of spinning in the United States is kept alive by handicrafters who demonstrate their skill in spinning, weaving and sewing at nostalgic museums such as Williamsburg, Old Salem, and in exhibitions at fairs such as the San Diego County Fair in Del Mar. Even as spinning has become an re-enactment art form and no longer provides a means of protest ……………..these bookends remind us of our early resistance to foreign domination.