Iron Horse. Bronze. Height 5.5 in. Inscription: see text. Ten pounds per pair. 1969.
The Plains Indians called trains “iron horses” in the nineteenth century, or perhaps they were referring only to the steam locomotives that pulled the train. Either way, the term seems like one that the Indians would have originated, something that I always believed. But, in fact, railroads, trains and steam locomotives appeared in England in about 1830, before they appeared in America, and the English coined the term “iron horse” to describe them.
These bookends, named Iron Horse, show such a nineteenth-century steam locomotive. The legend on the rear of each bookend reads “100th anniversary 1869-1969 Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Cast in Willmerding foundry.” Commemorating a double Centennial, 1869 refers to the founding date of the Westinghouse Air Brake Co. and it is also the year the transcontinental railroad was completed with the meeting of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads on May 10 at Promontory Summit, Utah.
The Iron Horse lives on in myth and legend and movies. The company founded by George Westinghouse, inventor and manufacturer, continued to produce air brakes until the year 2000. The advent of Air Brakes dramatically improved the safety, speed, and growth of the trains as the locomotive engineer could apply the brakes instead of having brakes applied manually on each individual train car by a brakeman.
George Westinghouse (1846 – 1914). Inventor of the Air Brake. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs.
First Central Pacific Train locomotive used to enter Oakland, CA., Nov. 8, 1869. Historic American Buildings Survey, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs.